A rare find – 1927 benchmark found near Chantry Flat. Check out what was found while traveling up the old East Fork Trail, which once ran from Fern Lodge in the Big Santa Anita Canyon to Spring Camp near Monrovia Peak. This benchmark is dated 1927. While x-country hiking with Richard Loe, we found this oxidized brass range and township marker located just below the old East Fork trail about 80-100′ up from the stream bed. If you look closely, it’s possible to see that it was installed by the U.S. General Land Office surveyors. See the location of this marker on the old topographic map, lower image. If the light cast on the mountainside hadn’t been just right…. and if I hadn’t looked in just the exact location at that moment, it would have been quite likely we would have just hiked right on by! It’s amazing to me that rockslides and the movement of soils over the last 85 years hadn’t just buried this cartographer’s treasure from the past. Upon closer inspection, it was discovered that the benchmark “cap” was affixed to a galvanized steel pipe driven into the mountainside. There are undoubtedly other markers to be found by those hiking cross-country in the front-country canyons of the San Gabriel mountains.
This map image is of a topographic map that dates back prior to the 1938 flood in which many cabins shown were washed out for good. Note the clustering of cabins in and around Fern Lodge, located at the confluence of the East Fork and the Big Santa Anita’s main canyon. The vertical and horizontal lines that cross each other in the center of the image are range and township lines. The elevation of 2256 refers to the bold lined + which is the exact spot where the lines intersect. In this instance, the trail traveling up the East Fork comes very close to this location. Surveyors in the 1920′s placed a benchmark in critical locations such as these. If one’s really either just plain lucky or is searching intensely, he or she may just find the actual benchmark. The trail shown in the East Fork was the Monrovia Peak Trail, which was severely damaged after the 38′ flood. Shortly after that time it was abandoned, falling into obscurity. Some sections of the trail which were whittled out of the rocky cliffs on the south side of the East Fork still remain, yet remain hidden from view when bouldering along the stream.
Many people today know “Chantry Flats” or “Chantry” as a destination for hiking the beautiful Big Santa Anita Canyon. Also, it’s gently sloped picnic area is a popular spot for friends and families to gather together amongst the many oak tree shaded terraces with picnic tables and barbecues.
The three-tiered parking area fills quickly on weekends as day hikers, mountain bikers and backpackers take off on the trails that radiate out from here. Chantry Flat is the beginning of the Gabrielino National Recreation Trail which continues on for over 28 miles to the mouth of the Arroyo Seco in Altadena. Chantry Flat is also the beginning of the Silver Moccasin Trail route which travels up into the high country of the San Gabriel mountains for over 55 miles, eventually ending at Vincent Gap near Wrightwood, CA. Adams Pack Station has been operating in this scenic mountain setting for over 75 years. There’s no end to the possibilities of outdoor exploration that can be pursued out of Chantry Flat! Whether it’s hiking to Sturtevant Falls, Hermit Falls, Mt. Wilson or out on the Big Santa Anita Loop via the Mt. Zion Trail, there’s something for everyone.
What a lot of people don’t know about this area is that the paved road that takes you to the trailhead was not finished until 1935. Prior to this date, you would have hiked all the way to Chantry Flat from Sierra Madre, a distance somewhat near four miles! Also, what is now the picnic area for day-use only, was once a campground that was built by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Another seldom known fact is that Chantry Flat’s namesake is derived from Charley Chantry, who was born in 1873. Charlie travelled for years in pursuit of gold, yet never really striking any bonanzas. In 1905, he moved to Sierra Madre. One business that he had was the renting of mules to patrons of Carter’s Camp in Little Santa Anita Canyon. He also ran a pack train which serviced the local mountain resorts and cabins up in the Big Santa Anita Canyon. It was on one of Charlie’s pack trips when he spied the beautiful sloping flat high above the mountain stream, thinking this would be a good spot to live. He even started an orchard during the early stages of development of his new piece of paradise. Unfortunately for Charlie, the Forest Homestead Act of 1906 prevented him from realizing his dream. No one after this date would be allowed to homestead national forest lands. Charlie moved on to Bakersfield for a short stint, only to return once, again, to Sierra Madre; this time operating a small store stocked with provisions for people heading into the mountains on the Sturtevant Trail. Over the years, people hiking up into the mountains would occasionally see Charlie Chantry resting at his beloved little flat which would one day bear his name. Charlie died in 1936 at the age of 63. Today, I rather suspect that he’d hardly recognize the place!
Somehow, it never gets old. Why am I still so entangled with the myriad of canyons of our San Gabes? And I don’t mean in some detached, sentimental way that caresses my heart from a distance. It’s the return, over and over, again that keeps renewing a part of me that continues to shape my sense of place. Really, this ongoing, life-long pattern of climbing, crawling, hiking upright, hopping stream crossings, pedaling and coasting, sleeping along sweet sounding creeks and just resting – calmly seems to stay with me whether I’m in the mountains or not. It’s there. It influences me to the core. It provides me with the hope that I can return to it another time not too far off from now. Perhaps these times in our dear Big Santa Anita Canyon have in some ways become book ends to the necessary days in between.
Even though I have dozens of rolled and folded up topographic maps waiting at home in an old wooden crate and orienteering compass near at hand, there’s the map we all carry with us. It’s in our being, ancient and deeply imbedded . And where it might not be sharply defined visually, there’s the emotional tug of being called home by certain places. Scent and tactile reminders, coupled with the visual and emotional place we were in can tie it all together. There doesn’t seem to be a way or formula to make the same experiences happen over and over the same way. Somehow, our souls just know that it’s time to return, again.
This day, may I come closer to caring for all life in the small ways that connect me to place.
An Android APP version of the Trails of Big Santa Anita Canyon can now be downloaded from our website! This APP covers miles of trails radiating out from Chantry Flats. While the 22″x15″ paper version of the Trails map is still available, this APP is perfect if you’re looking for a high-resolution, detailed paperless version for use on your smart phone. The APP covers all the existing area of the Trails of Big Santa Anita Canyon map. Locate such places as Sturtevant and Hermit Falls, Spruce Grove and Hoegees campgrounds, Sturtevant’s Camp (cabins), Mt. Zion trail or the entire Big Santa Anita Loop.
When out hiking or biking the beautifully rugged canyons of the San Gabriels, it’s tempting to just go without any extras. No pack, nothing in our hands, nada. Yet, here’s something to consider.
The Big Santa Anita Canyon, like many front-country canyons, is tantalizingly close to the the urban expanses of pavements, cars and cell phone reception. In no time, well maybe 20 minutes, you’re at the trailhead and onto single-track foot trails or perhaps ambling x-country up a steep canyon. The mindset of urban and suburban thoughts barely have the time to shift to the contemplative, natural thought processes of traveling in relatively open and wild places. Your body’s muscle memory hasn’t quite caught up either. It’s all happening so fast.
What a gift this is to have such quick access to the canyons, ridge lines and slopes that are so dear to our hearts. More and more people each year are discovering the same miracle of this unique geography. And although we continue to spontaneously take off for the mountains from our suburban springboards, doing that mental and physical shift over and over, again can be met with surprises at any stage in our lives.
Eventually we all get caught out in the dark without a flashlight during those autumn days when the amber light dwindles rapidly to long nights. We run out of water on a hot and exposed ridge line in mid-summer. We end up soaked to the bone on a frigid winter day that started out sunny and all too quickly became windy and rainy before returning to the trailhead. We thought that the trail certainly should have peeled off the ridge by now or that we may have missed the junction just below the campground that we really need to find before starting dinner and getting the tent set up. If I’d brought a detailed map of the area along with a compass, maybe I’d already be there and fed. On and on it goes. Rarely does nature bail us out of our mistakes. And …. maybe, if you’re lucky, you’ll run into someone who is prepared for being out here. I hope they get here fast!
Instead of depending on someone else to help you out of the unforeseen, consider being a guiding light to someone else who just might need you! By carrying a small number of essential items, you may just end up being a blessing to a complete stranger in an entirely unpredictable situation that might have ended tragically had you not been there. You just never know.
So, what should you have on you, regardless of the time of year? Here’s a short list.
A well-stocked first aid kit, with the knowledge of how to use it. Add a Sawyer Extractor kit to your first aid kit.
Flash light or headlamp with fresh batteries.
At least a liter of water for each person travelling. Two liters if the weather’s hot.
A detailed map of the area where you’ll be travelling. Review your map prior to leaving the trailhead!
An orienteering compass with transparent base plate. If you have a GPS device, still bring a reliable compass.
Light jacket. PolarTec or another type of synthetic fiber is a good idea in case you get wet.
Space blanket. This is a very tightly folded, silvery coated sheet that you could wrap yourself into if you had to spend the night unexpectedly . Once you take it out and unfold it, you’ll never get it back in the original package!
Lightweight poncho or rain gear.
50′ of parachute cord or equivalent.
Waterproof matches and/or butane lighter.
Cell phone. If you’re in a spot where you might have reception, you’d be able to keep the panic level down at home, while letting them know that you’re just late and o.k. If you need Search & Rescue, you can reach them as well.
When first hiking into the Big Santa Anita Canyon along most any of the trails, one can’t help wondering about the origins of the little Chantry Flats cabins that appear alongside the paths and streams. Construction of these early dwellings dates back to the early teens and 1920′s. Back then, during the Great Hiking Era, the U.S. Forest Service was actually encouraging the building of cabins on “never before settled” suitable locations in a number of national forests throughout the United States. In the Big Santa Anita Canyon, all kinds of potential cabin “sites” were discovered and developed. Typically an Angeles National Forest ranger would hike to the potential site with the cabin builder applicant for approval of a special use permit or not. Back then, the Chantry Road to the current trailhead did not exist. The road would not be built to Chantry Flat until 1935. Therefore, you would hike all the way from Sierra Madre, thus adding about 4 miles each way to your destination. It was over 8 miles one way to Sturtevant’s Camp, versus the current 4 mile trip in! There were motivated hikers, to say the least.
When the cabin building program began, “recreational resident cabins” (U.S. Forest Service language) numbered over 220 + in the Big Santa Anita and Winter Creek canyons. Materials for these cabins was hauled in on mules and people’s backs for the numerous building projects. Pack trains travelled the narrow mountain trails seven days a week through the busy construction years. Not only cabins were being built, but trail resorts were springing up as well! Five resorts alone were in existence during this period. Hoegees, Roberts’ Camp, First Water, Fern Lodge and Sturtevant’s were enormously popular for groups of hikers seeking an overnight experience. Information about the colorful events from the camps is a separate subject entirely. Just imagine how the canyon would have sounded and looked during the evenings as lanterns flickered through the little windows amongst the trees and reflecting stream.
As for the cabins, a number of natural and man-made events pared down the initial number of structures dramatically. A great flood that took place in 1938 (the 38′Flood) washed out many cabins, not only in the Big Santa Anita, but in other front country canyons such as the Arroyo Seco and San Gabriel Canyon as well. The next sizable event for the canyon was the 1953 Monrovia Peak Fire, which started up at Spring Camp near the summit of Monrovia Peak. More cabins succumbed to this catastrophic fire which burned for weeks. In 1969, yet another flood occurred, which took out some more of the cabins. Amongst all this, occasionally cabin owners have had a part in accidentally burning down their own dwellings. Although uncommon, it has happened even into recent times. Today, there are less than 79 cabins left standing in the Winter Creek and Big Santa Anita canyons.
The cabins are privately owned and are a labor of love to say the least. To this day, supplies are hauled in by the Adams Pack Station at Chantry Flats. Items such as propane, lumber, groceries, furniture, roofing and more are taken to the trailside cabins by the pack string of mules and donkeys. Also, a frequent foot patrol takes place to ensure the security of the cabins. The cabins are unavailable for rent to the general public. If you’re interested in purchasing one, go to the Adams Pack Station website (www.adamspackstation.com) to inquire about cabins that may be up for sale. The cabins are located on public land, so cabin owners must comply with U.S. Forest Service regulations in regard to everything from paint color, type of roofing, sanitation practices and the gathering of downed wood. When you’re out hiking or backpacking, please respect the privacy of the cabins. Many people have been drawn to the Big Santa Anita Canyon due to its’ popularity as one of most scenic L.A. County waterfall hikes. These unique little cabins are a sweetly unexpected find for the eyes.
If you’re interested in ever spending the night in a cabin, there is one place where you can rent. Sturtevant Camp, located a couple of miles upstream from Sturtevant Falls, is available to individuals, couples and groups by reservation. The camp has comfortable, clean amenities and is open throughout the year. Check out the Adams Pack Station website adamspackstation.com for details on how to make this happen.
Here are some photos of the Chantry Flats check dams during their construction back in the early 1960′s. The U.S. Forest Service and Los Angeles County Flood Control District teamed up to engineer and construct these Lincoln Log type structures in many of the front country canyons of the Angeles National Forest. These structures were designed to keep the stream bed’s ever-moving alluvium “in check” with hopes of reducing the accumulation of sand and rock in the Big Santa Anita’s reservoir further down canyon. Regardless of how they’ve performed, they’re here to stay for the foreseeable future. The paved fire road that you begin your descent down into Robert’s Camp is the beginning of the construction road that was bull dozed all the way past Sturtevant Camp. Another road was also built on up the Winter Creek and beyond Hoegee’s trail camp. Today you can still make out the remnant switch backs of the “Burma Road” which climbed up and past Sturtevant Falls. Look for the non-native Italian cypress, pines and even eucalyptus trees that were planted on the abandoned road bed after the dams were installed. The Big Santa Anita Canyon Trails Map depicts the location of the abandoned Burma Road. The map is available at Adams Pack Station or canyoncartography.com Following the road is a hazardous proposition any time of year, so be especially careful for drop-offs, rattlesnakes, etc. If you’ve hiked on past Cascade picnic area, you’ll strain to imagine that a road ran through here, wide enough to accomodate cement mixers, skip loaders, cranes and more.
The destruction of pristine riparian environments would be unthinkable in our day and age. Yet, during the late 1950′s, this type of project was considered prudent land management and protection of watersheds. Essentially, the dams have changed the natural hydraulic grade of much of the Big Santa Anita Canyon and Winter Creek. The dams have created a stair-step type of profile in sections of the canyon bottom. Behind each dam are thousands of cubic yards of alluvium (sand, gravels and boulders) that are for now “stuck” in a static location. One day nature will have her way and there will be a phenomenal movement of material that will wash downstream. The engineers referred to this material behind each dam as a “debris cone.” In 1969, an El Nino storm pattern brought torrential rainfall to Southern California. One night during the ’69 Flood, a number of the smaller “sill dams” blew out. A sill dam is the lower (smaller) dam that you’ll often see just below or downstream of the larger check dam. The sill dam’s function is to protect the foundation of the larger check dam. Anywhere upstream of Cascade picnic area, you’ll notice that all the check dams have their accompanying sill dams. Anywhere below the confluence of the North Fork, you’ll notice that these sill dams are missing. Look carefully and notice the exposed foundations of the dams. One day they may collapse. This all happened during one set of storms in ’69! Slowly, nature has been healing from all this damming of the canyon. Decades later you can see the ivy, black berry bushes, mosses, fallen trees and sharp-edged boulders softening the scene. Canyon wrens flit back and forth into the aging rip-rap after spring floods ring through the canyons. Stout, black rattlesnakes gently drape their coils off the edge of the walls of the dams during the warm, drowsy days of August. The canyon is gradually claiming all the dams. We’re just hiking and feeling all this. in one part of this long, long timeline.
November, 2015. I recently heard from Dennis Logue, a member of the construction crew who built both the road and dams starting back in 1958. We began corresponding. He graciously has given permission for me to add his memories in the form of several letters to Canyon Cartography, describing the project and some of the colorful characters that were involved. Here they are:
The Big Santa Anita Canyon Loop is perfect for day hiking as well as backpacking throughout most of the year. Whether you’re in search of being alongside a rushing mountain stream, seeing one of the most beautiful waterfalls in the Angeles National Forest or getting a good hill climb with vistas out toward the high country, this hike’s for you! Let’s say that you decide to do the trip counter-clockwise, then you’d start at the Gabrielino trailhead, dropping 0.6 of a mile down the paved road (gated) to Robert’s Camp. Here you’ll cross the green metal and wood hikers’ bridge, which has been here since 1950. Robert’s Camp is located at the confluence of the Big Santa Anita Canyon and Winter Creek. Once a trail resort during the Great Hiking Era, it’s now an important junction for trail users. On this loop trip, we’ll head toward Sturtevant Falls and Spruce Grove. Less than 0.8 of a mile up canyon from here you’ll come to idyllic Fern Lodge junction. Dotted with picturesque cabins nestled along the verdant banks of the stream, Fern Lodge is a beauty spot of large canyon oaks leaning out over the trail. Stands of white alder grow tall and straight, nestled in close along the tumbling stream. Boulders, some bright white, others speckled with black mica, and still others solid gray or banded in alternating layers make up the jumbled stream bed. At this junction you can head up the Upper Falls Trail, which is for hikers only, if you want to see Sturtevant Falls from up above. Also, you can take the Gabrielino trail, which is for both hikers, pack animals and mountain bikes. Regardless of your choice, both these trails rejoin a mile up canyon at Falling Sign Junction. If you choose to take the Upper Falls trail, not only will you be rewarded with a great view of Sturtevant Falls, there will be a series of rock-ribbed pools that you’ll pass along. Some of these are great for cooling off during the warmer months of the year! The water’s chilly, usually never reaching the 60 degree mark. Past the pools, the canyon stays wild and narrows down into a rugged and twisting place, shaded by bay trees and maples. If it’s the right time of day, there can be a gold-green light filtering down through the trees to the canyon bottom.
A couple of stream crossings further up, your trail loops back up toward the Gabrielino trail at Falling Sign junction. Here you’ll hook around to your right, continuing on to Cascade Picnic Area. This next half mile takes you into both Maple and Tiger Lily canyons. You’ll also have a great view down into the canyon from where you’ve just been. There’s a beautiful overlook that you round, just prior to dropping down into Cascade picnic area. At Cascade, you’ll find a lonesome little table and a call box (for reporting emergencies). Big Cone Spruce begins to make its’ presence here along with mature Canyon Live Oak arching out and across the stream. Cascade’s name speaks for itself, you won’t be disappointed. Up canyon from here you’ll climb up and over nine check dams to Sturtevant Camp. To many, this is often the steepest part of the trip to Spruce Grove campground and Sturtevant’s. In 0.7 of a mile, you’ll reach Spruce Grove campground for those wishing to spend the night on the ground. It’s located at 3,000′ in elevation alongside the year-round stream. It is well-shaded, mostly by bay trees and occasional spruce. There are seven picnic tables, metal rings for campfires, Klamath stoves (flat metal plate to cook on) and restrooms. Make sure to obtain a fire permit prior to your trip! They’re free and you’ll be required to have one if you’re planning to use a backpacking stove or build a fire. Just 0.3 of a mile above the camp is an important trail junction. At this junction, just below Sturtevant Camp, one can turn right and head toward Newcomb Pass and on into the West Fork of the San Gabriel River. The way we’ll head on this trip is to the left and up and over the check dam. If you need drinking water, head up into Sturtevant’s. Here they have a drinking fountain with potable water. A real luxury this far in! Don’t forget to check out the big rope swing and have a look at the place. Sturtevant Camp has been here since 1893 and continues to be available as an overnight destination. Reservations are required and can be made through the Adams Pack Station website: www.adamspackstation.com This is a very cool place to spend some time in the California of old.
From Sturtevant’s, head back down to the trail junction above the dam and head across the stream, where you’ll bypass the camp and travel a very short distance upstream before arriving at the Upper Mt. Zion trail junction. Here you’ll still be across from the camp. Peel off to the left, climbing into a watered side canyon. The Mt. Zion trail contours northeast facing hillsides, climbing 300 feet in just over a mile. Along this stretch, you’ll have vistas out toward Twin Peaks and Mount Waterman. Once at the saddle (watershed divide) you have the option of doing a quick side trip to the summit of Mt. Zion in all its’ shaggy chaparral glory. Heading over the saddle, you’ll drop steeply down into the Winter Creek. You’ll be out in the chaparral, with lots of options for views down into the San Gabriel Valley, Chantry Flats and across to Manzanita Ridge. After a 1,000′ drop in elevation, you’ll encounter the Lower Mt. Zion trail junction. If you want to see Hoegees campground, turn left and head downstream a very short distance. This is also a beautiful campground, replete with a magnificent oak canopy and over 18 campsites. We’ll turn right at the junction, heading upstream a short distance, crossing the stream and then encountering yet another junction. This junction’s really important. Make sure to turn left, back toward Chantry Flat. Make sure you don’t accidentally head toward Sierra Madre and Mt. Wilson!
From this junction, head left and into a drainage that sometimes has water skimming down a rock face you can reach out and touch. Keep climbing, at times steeply, until after less than a third mile the trail will level out. I mean really level. You’ll love coming back into Chantry Flats on this Upper Winter Creek trail. Near the end of the trail, you’ll come around a ridge that’ll afford you a view of the Chantry Flat area. You’ll see the parking area, people trudging back up the paved road where you began your hike hours earlier, hear the sounds of folks enjoying the picnic area and maybe even hear live music coming from the Adams Pack Station if its’ the weekend. Eventually, after crossing the tranquil little stream in San Olene Canyon, your trail will intersect the paved San Olene truck trail coming up out of the picnic area. Make sure to turn left on the road and make your easy descent into the parking area. If you’re hungry or thirsty, make sure to stop by the Adams Pack Station for drinks and good food! Also, you can pick up good maps of the canyon’s hiking trails and check out their book display. Big Santa Anita Canyon Trails Map is a large-scale map that will cover your entire hike. This map is available at the Pack Station or you can purchase it online at www.canyoncartography.com By the time your day’s over, you will have gotten over 9 1/2 miles behind you! This Big Santa Anita Loop is a great way to spend your day or weekend.